Fredsbygning

Sidst redigeret d. 18/9 - 2020

Foto nedenfor: UN Security Council Open Debate on Women Peace and Security 2017.

Photo: UN Women/Ryan Brown: Link til foto
Mere om billedet nedenfor.


Nyheder om fredsbygning:

 

DiCarlo on Ukraine: "This war is not only senseless, but exceedingly dangerous, and it touches all of us. It must end."

Political and Peacebuilding Affairs d. 24/8 - 2022

Mr. President,

On 23 February 2022, this chamber heard impassioned pleas to avert a war in Ukraine. To no avail.

Today, exactly six months later, there is no end in sight to the conflict triggered by the Russian Federation’s invasion.

As we meet, the heaviest fighting is concentrated in the eastern Donbas region; in the south near Kherson and Zaporizhzhia; and in the north-east near Kharkiv. But virtually all corners of Ukraine are affected, and no one is out of reach of missile strikes.

At the same time, several attacks, conducted mainly with drones, have also been reported in the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the city of Sevastopol, Ukraine, occupied by the Russian Federation since 2014...

...Mr. President,

Today’s grim six-month anniversary coincides with Ukraine’s national day. This is an occasion to celebrate the country’s sovereignty and independence and proud heritage, and we congratulate the people of Ukraine on this day.

But let us recall that the human and material toll of the war is tragic, colossal and evident. First and foremost, for Ukraine and its people, and economic consequences for the world are ominous and growing.

The conflict is having another impact that, although less tangible, is just as perilous. In deepening global divisions and exacerbating mistrust in our institutions, the war is weakening the foundations of our international system.

The consequences of a breakdown in how the world manages questions of peace and security are frightening to contemplate.

This war is not only senseless, but exceedingly dangerous, and it touches all of us. It must end.

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FN’s 77. Generalforsamling
danmarks prioriteter

Udenrigsministeriet august 2022

3. Fred og sikkerhed 6
3.1 Krigen i Ukraine og geopolitiske spændinger 6
3.2 Bæredygtig fred- og konflikthåndtering

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Claus Kold: Ukraine – The Need for A Global Peace Culture

TFF Associate d. 4/7-2022

All wars are different from other wars and, thus, it is impossible to use the experiences of one war to predict the course, end, and consequences of the next. Yet, some wars and peace conferences are more important than others because they fundamentally change history.

The war in Ukraine is a proxy war between Russia and NATO/USA, in which the USA openly says that the aim is to exhaust Russia. This raises several questions:

If that is the purpose of the USA/NATO, then what will be the reaction of an existentially threatened and nuclear-armed Russia?

One may further ask whether, in the light of nuclear war, there is something untouched ‘outside’ that will not be affected by the consequences of a nuclear war: a first destruction, after which the survivors will face global nuclear winter, with famine and mass death.

If there is no ‘outside’ in a nuclear war, it will involve the survival of all humanity. With that perspective, one could rightly ask why that doesn’t involve all states in a peace conference?
And following the same logic, one may ask whether the demands of Russia, China and the United States for a ‘sphere of interest’ and a ‘security zone’ are based on outdated thinking that belongs to the time of the conventional war?

The conflict and war in Ukraine is so complex and probably a tipping point for future global development that there is a need for a new kind of peace congress with the breakthroughs that characterized previous peace congresses.

It can safely be argued that it is time for humanity to jointly establish a global sustainable nuclear-weapon-free security order: a culture of peace...

...Properness, Non-violence and Breakthroughs

Rather than contributing to an endless and hopeless escalation in the direction of nuclear war, states – NATO states in particular – must:

Use existing legislation in NATO, the EU and the UN as soon as possible in a constructive effort for peace: meetings, diplomacy and mediation (Properness);
Work for the establishment of a ceasefire by the UN Secretary-General through a collection of neutral states, which deploy an UN-led peace operation – without asking the Security Council – consisting of neutral country soldiers in white vehicles, uniforms and blue helmets (Non-violence);
Ask the UN Secretary-General to initiate the participation of all states in a series of mediation conferences as soon as possible – again without asking the Security Council. These conferences, with the participation of all world leaders, will support the ceasefire in Ukraine by taking place inside Ukraine. The form should be a critical discursive mediation process emphasising humanity’s new situation in a new paradigm of peace (Breakthroughs).
If the super and/or great powers do not show up, the UN Secretary-General could call on the world population to start a global strike against war that shall continue until they do show up.

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The 2022 Global Concert,

hosted at United Nations Headquarters in New York, will return to the UN General Assembly Hall in a nod to the inaugural International Jazz Day Sunset Concert in 2012, symbolizing jazz's continued important role as a force for dialogue and diplomacy. Link

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Generalsekretærens budskab på den internationale dag for kooperativer

UNO d. 1/6 - 2006

Temaet for dette års internationale dag for kooperativer, ”Fredsbygning gennem kooperativer”, sætter fokus på den stadig større betydning som kooperativer har for arbejdet med at fremme udvikling og fred.

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Scenes from the United Nations Security Council Open Debate on Women and Peace and Security held on 27 October 2017. The debate focused on the implementation of Security Council resolutions 1325, 1820, 1888, 2106, 2122 and 2242 and was an opportunity for the Council and the larger membership of the United Nations with an opportunity to identify and more effectively target gaps and challenges.UN Women Executive Director Phumzile Mlambo-Ngcuka presented the Secretary-General's 2017 report on Women Peace and Security; and Charo Mina-Rojas, National Coordinator of Proceso de Comunidades Negras and a representative of civil society, delivered a statement to the Council.
Read More

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325 on women, peace, and security, Wikipedia

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Institutioner og forskning:

Se også vores websiden med bøger om emnet:

Især Metode for fred om Johan Galtung, der først og fremmest har brag fredsbygning på banen. beskriver dette emne - mere om bogen her og en gratis pdf-fil om bogen.

og Vreden er en gave Gandhis barnebarn Arun Gandhi fortæller om Gandhis filosofil.

GUIDANCE ON MEDIATION OF CEASEFIRES
“Ceasefires are a major opportunity to set the foundation for inclusive and comprehensive peace talks”
Rosemary A. DiCarlo, Under-Secretary-General for Political and Peacebuilding Affairs
Link til pdf - filer.

The Department of Political and Peacebuilding Affairs (DPPA) plays a central role in United Nations efforts on conflict prevention, peacemaking and sustaining peace. DPPA monitors and assesses global political developments to detect and prevent potential crises, to help defuse con- flict and to promote lasting solutions. DPPA offers multidimensional, action-oriented analysis, electoral assistance and mediation support to the UN Secretary-General, special envoys, heads of relevant UN missions, regional offices, Resident Coordinators and UN Country Teams in complex political situations to address emerging crises and support national preventive capacities.
The Mediation Support Unit in DPPA’s Policy and Mediation Division is the UN’s system-wide ser- vice provider of mediation support. Its activities include providing operational support to medi- ation, facilitation and dialogue processes, strengthening the mediation capacity of partners and developing mediation guidance and best practice.
© United Nations Department of Political and Peacebuilding Affairs September 2022. All rights reserved.
Drafted by the Mediation Support Unit of the Policy and Mediation Division, UN Department of Political and Peacebuilding Affairs. The Mediation Support Unit is grateful to all who contributed valuable advice and comments throughout the consultations and review process of this publi- cation.
Suggested citation: United Nations Department of Political and Peacebuilding Affairs, Guidance on the Mediation of Ceasefires, September 2022, https://peacemaker.un.org/thematic-areas/ ceasefires-security-arrangements
Cover Photo: Soldiers from the Khmer People’s National Liberation Front Armed Forces praying for peace, after having turned in their weapons under phase two of the ceasefire agreement. July 1992. Credit - UN Photo/Pernaca Sudhakaran

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Department of Political and Peacebuilding Affairs DPPA.

Sign up to get the latest news and updates from the UN Department of Political and Peacebuilding Affairs delivered to your inbox. link

United Nations Peacebuilding Commission (PBC)

FEATURE SERIES: What is UN peacebuilding and its role in preventing conflicts?

UN Documents for Peacebuilding (including the PBC)

53/243. Declaration and Programme of Action on a Culture of Peace

United Nations Peacebuilding Support Office

Peacebuilding Commission - Wikipedia

Peacebuilding Commission | Press - United Nations

Resolution 1325 (2000)

Resolution 2558 (2020)

Women, Peace and Security

Resolutions on Peacebuilding, Sustaining Peace, United Nations Youth Office, among Texts Adopted by General Assembly

Det engelsek FN-forbund om fredsbygning.

OCHA coordinates the global emergency response to save lives and protect people in humanitarian crises. We advocate for effective and principled humanitarian action by all, for all.

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Conciliation Resources

(An international organisation committed to stopping violent conflict and creating more peaceful societies).

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What is peacebuilding?

Peacebuilding seeks to address the underlying causes of conflict, helping people to resolve their differences peacefully and lay the foundations to prevent future violence.

Why do we need peacebuilding?

The number of violent conflicts has increased dramatically since 2010. The world urgently needs to respond differently.

Violence affects everyone. Wars prevent communities from developing, stop children going to school and make it harder for people to access healthcare. Poverty then drives more conflict, and the cycle continues.

Around a quarter of all people live in countries affected by conflict and violence.
Over 68 million people alive today have been forced to flee their homes. This is the highest it’s been since the end of the second world war.
Conflicts drive 80% of all humanitarian needs.
By 2030, it is predicted that half of the world’s poorest people will be living in conflict-affected places.
We need to think differently – it’s time we stopped picking up the pieces and started putting an end to the cycles of violence. It’s time we invested more in peacebuilding.

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Breaking the Cycle of Violent Conflict with Johan Galtung

University of California Television (UCTV) d. 21/1 - 2011

A noted pioneer in the field of Peace Studies, Johan Galtung makes the case for incorporating human rights as key to successful peace building around the world.

Se video.

 

IPI: The Peacebuilding Commission and Climate-Related Security Risks

Nov. 2020

The International Peace Institute is an independent, international think tank located in New York and Manama, dedicated to the settlement and prevention of armed conflict.

There is a growing consensus that climate change exacerbates existing risks of conflict and violence. Yet, within the United Nations, there is a lack of agreement among member states on which organs are most appropriate to respond to climate-related security risks. The Peacebuilding Commission (PBC) has demonstrated a growing role as a forum for member state discussions on this issue. Analysis shows that the PBC’s emphasis on national ownership and its mandate to work across the peace and security, development, and human rights pillars of the UN; to bring together the Security Council, the UN’s Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC), the General Assembly, and other organs of the UN; and to convene relevant stakeholders from within and outside the UN system, may make it uniquely positioned as a forum for states to seek international support to emerging climate-related security challenges.

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Folkehøjskolerne Norge om Konflikthåndtering og fredsbygning.

Link til 2 hæfter.

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Når FN bygger fred − og stater

Louise Andersen DIIs d. 2005

FN’s topmøde i september 2005 blev ikke det store vendepunkt, der var lagt op til. Helt til det sidste var det usikkert, om stats- og regerings- cheferne ville kunne blive enige om noget som helst. Den teatertorden, der typisk ledsager topmøder, var afløst af reelt drama og frygt for fiasko. Helt så galt gik det ikke. Faktisk blev stats- og regeringscheferne enige om en række tiltag, der i det små kan forbedre FN’s muligheder for at bidrage til målsætningen om en fredeligere, rigere og mere retfærdig verden. Et af disse tiltag er en særlig “fredsbygningskommission,” der skal sikre sammenhængende og langvarig international hjælp til borgerkrigsramte og sammenbrudte lande...

...Inden vi ser på dette forslags videre gang gennem systemet, er det værd at kaste et hurtigt blik på det “gabende institutionelle hul,” panelet pegede på. Det kan synes absurd, at FN – hvis fremmeste opgave siden opret- telsen i 1945 har været at skabe fred og undgå krig – mangler et organ til at tage sig af fredsbygning. Ikke mindst når man tænker på, at FN i det daglige er engageret i flere fredsoperationer verden over end nogen anden institution, og at der siden den kolde krigs afslutning er sket en markant styrkelse af koblingen mellem sikkerhed og udvikling – de to kerneelementer i fredsbygning...

...Inden en solid dyne af FN-mistillid får lov at sænke sig, er det dog værd at sammenligne FN’s resultater med de resultater, andre – det vil i praksis sige USA – har opnået i lignende indsatser. Den amerikanske
tænketank RAND, der har tætte bånd til Pentagon, har gennemført en sådan systematisk sammenligning af syv USA-ledede missioner og otte FN-ledede missioner. Analysen viser, at FN slet ikke er så ringe endda.
I syv ud af de otte FN-missioner lykkedes det at etablere en form for fred. Det samme gælder kun halvdelen af de amerikansk-ledede. Og det til trods for, at USA i alle tilfælde har haft langt flere ressourcer til
rådighed end FN...

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